Popular Psychotherapy Methodologies Today

When working with a professional psychotherapist, the client (or patient, customer) has the opportunity to acknowledge anxieties, thoughts, and emotions, thereby improving mental problems. In addition to choosing a well-trained psychologist, appropriate psychotherapy methods will help clients quickly overcome psychological difficulties and return to normal life.

What Is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy is a treatment method for individuals experiencing psychological disorders and emotional difficulties. Not only does psychotherapy help relieve some symptoms, but some of those can help identify the root cause of the psychological problem, thereby helping the individual to function better, enhancing emotional well-being and healing.

Psychotherapy can assist with issues such as: Coping with stressful life events; the impact of psychological trauma; diseases; overcoming great loss such as losing a loved one; and some specific psychological disorders such as depression or anxiety.

Many psychotherapy methods are available today, and some are more effective in certain clinical situations. Psychotherapy can be practiced in conjunction with medication and other types of therapy.

What Does Psychotherapy Do?

Besides talking, some other forms of psychotherapy may include some activities such as art therapy, music therapy, psychodrama therapy, or movement therapy.

Psychotherapy often occurs in sessions, when psychologists work with individuals, families, couples, or groups. Many psychotherapy methods can be practiced with both adults and children. A treatment session can last from 45 to 90 minutes. During sessions, the psychologist and the client both need to be actively involved in the therapy process. The trust and relationship between the individual and the psychologist play an extremely important role in affecting the effectiveness of psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy can be short-term (a few weeks or months), focusing on solving current problems, or long-term (can last for many years), solving complex psychological problems. The psychologist and client will need to discuss and agree on the goals of treatment and the duration and frequency of sessions.

When working with psychologists in therapy sessions, clients work based on basic principles such as:

  • Confidentiality: All information provided by the client will be kept confidential;

  • Honesty: Psychologists are responsible for the truthfulness of all information provided to clients, including qualifications, expertise, or the client's mental health status;

  • Respect: Psychologists must listen without judging the client's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors; and the client has the right to make his/her own decisions without being influenced by advice or wishes from the therapist;

  • Do not cause harm: Psychologists ensure a safe space for clients during therapy sessions, do not intentionally hurt clients;

  • No dual relationship: Psychologists and clients maintain a professional therapeutic relationship, avoiding intimate and close contact before, during, and after the therapy process.

Popular Psychotherapy Methods Today

Psychologists and other professional mental health practitioners may practice a variety of psychotherapy approaches. The choice of therapy depends on the psychological problems, circumstances, and preferences of clients. Psychologists/therapists may combine many elements of different psychotherapy approaches to meet their clients' needs.

Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy (CBT) helps clients identify and change patterns of thinking and behavior that are perceived as unhealthy or ineffective, thereby replacing them with appropriate thoughts and behaviors. CBT helps clients focus better on current problems and find solutions to them. This psychotherapy approach often involves practicing new skills in the “real world”. It can help treat a variety of disorders, including depression, anxiety, trauma-related disorders, and eating disorders, for example, CBT can help a person with depression identify and change unhelpful or maladaptive thinking patterns that contribute to the depression.

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT)

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a mindfulness psychological therapy that helps clients focus on the present moment and accept thoughts and feelings without judgment. The theory behind ACT is that trying to control painful emotions or difficult psychological experiences can be counterproductive and it may ultimately lead to greater suffering for the client. This therapy posits that there are useful alternatives in helping individuals change their thinking, such as turning to mindful behaviors, focusing on one's core values, and making commitments to act. By taking steps to change behavior, while learning to accept their psychological difficulties, clients can change their attitudes and emotional states after ACT therapy sessions.

Exposure Therapy

Exposure Therapy is a psychotherapy method developed to help clients face their fears. When we are afraid of something, we often tend to stay away from the feared objects, activities, or situations. Although this avoidance may help reduce feelings of fear in the short term, over the long term it can make the fear even worse. In such situations, psychologists can choose Exposure Therapy, which helps the client break the pattern of fear and avoidance. During therapy sessions, the psychologist will create a safe space, helping the client come into contact with the object or thing they fear and often avoid. "Exposing" themself to the things that make you afraid in a safe environment helps clients reduce their fears and decrease avoidance.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a type of therapy developed from CBT, helping clients learn to regulate their emotions more effectively. DBT is often used to treat clients with chronic suicidal thoughts and those with borderline personality disorder (BPD), eating disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This therapy provides clients with new skills and gives them autonomy in changing unhealthy or disruptive behaviors. DBT can be practiced individually or in groups.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic Therapy is based on the idea that behavior and mental health are rooted in childhood and past experiences. It can bring unconscious emotions to consciousness, helping clients become aware of them. This psychotherapy method helps clients improve self-awareness and change deep-seated patterns in their minds, so they can better control their lives.

Psychotherapy Services at the Vietnam - France Psychology Institute

Vietnam - France Psychology Institute specializes in providing prestigious psychological consulting services. We work with a team of experts from Vietnam and France, who have many years of experience in research - practice, accompanying and supporting clients in the process of facing and solving psychological problems conscientiously and effectively.

Services at the Vietnam - France Psychology Institute always ensure compliance with core values:

  • CONFIDENTIALITY: Confidentiality of customer information is our responsibility. Ensuring confidentiality helps clients always be listened to without being judged, and have a safe environment to share and face psychological problems.

  • DEDICATION: We always try to bring peace of mind when using our service, helping customers have the best experience before - during - and after working with psychologists.

  • PROFESSIONALISM: In all of our activities, we always offer the best service quality to customers and partners.

If you suspect you have a psychological problem or have questions related to psychological counseling and counseling services, you can contact the Vietnam-France Psychology Institute via HOTLINE 0912.012.684 (Zalo, 24/7) for answers and support as soon as possible!


[1] What is psychotherapy? psychotherapy.org.uk.

[2] What is Psychotherapy? American Psychiatric Association.

[3] What Is Exposure Therapy? apa.org.

[4] Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. PsychologyToday.

[5] What Is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy? webmd.com.



HEADQUARTER & PSYCHOTHERAPY CENTER: WINCO Building, 54 Tran Quoc Vuong Street, Dich Vong Hau Ward, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam

PSYCHOTHERAPY CENTER IN HCMC: Landmark 81 & Landmark Plus, Vinhomes Central Park, 720A Dien Bien Phu Street, Ward 22, Binh Thanh District, HCMC, Vietnam

Phone: 0979.158.463 (Business hours)

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